By Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz
Biotechnology has impacted the textiles in the course of the improvement of extra effective and environmentally pleasant production approaches, in addition to allowing the layout of better fabric fabrics. This publication will supply an intensive evaluate of present and destiny focuses of biotechnology within the fiber and fabric undefined. half one of many booklet opens with a evaluate of applied sciences considering fabric biotechnology. Chapters discover the layout and engineering of novel enzymes for cloth functions and advancements in procedures and kit for enzymatic fabric remedies. half investigates the amendment of specific fibers by using biotechnology. Key subject matters contain the therapy of wool and silk fibers and the enzymatic therapy as opposed to traditional processing of cotton. With specialist contributions from leaders of their fields, Advances in cloth Biotechnology will function a complete advisor for these within the fabric and fiber undefined, in addition to specialists within the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries.
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Extra resources for Advances in Textile Biotechnology
1999) engineered S. hyicus lipase by site-directed mutagenesis. Based on sequence alignment to other lipase sequences, from P. glumae for example, the aspartate residues in position 354 and 357 were identified as calcium-binding ligands and replacement of Asp357 by a glutamate decreased the affinity for calcium ions by 30-fold. Introduction of a lysine, an asparagine, or an alanine at position 357 and of a lysine or an asparagine at position 354 resulted in © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2010 Design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications 19 calcium-independent variants.
5560060301. silbersack j, jürgen b, hecker m, schneidinger b, schmuck r and schweder t (2006)‚ ‘An acetoin-regulated expression system of Bacillus subtilis’, Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 73(4), 895–903. 1007/s00253-006-0549-5. silva c, araújo r, casal m, gubitz g m and cavaco-paulo a (2007), ‘Influence of mechanical agitation on cutinases and protease activity towards polyamide substrates’, Enzyme Microb Technol, 40(7), 1678–1685. 1016/j. 001. simons j w f a, van kampen m d, ubarretxena-belandia i, cox r c, dos santos c m a, egmond m r and verheij h m (1999), ‘Identification of a calcium binding site in Staphylococcus hyicus lipase: generation of calcium-independent variants’, Biochemistry, 38(1), 2–10.
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