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By Donald J. Blakeslee

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Extra info for Along ancient trails: the Mallet expedition of 1739

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Thus, we can be sure that when the Mallets called this stream the Platte ("flat" in French), they were translating an Indian name, although we have no means of saying which language their informant spoke. The various Indian names for this and other streams were neither cognates (words with a common origin in an ancestral language) nor loan words. If they were, they would be similar in sound as well as in meaning. Instead, Page 4 the sounds are very different, whereas the meanings are the same.

Fray Andrés Juárez, missionary to Pecos Pueblo, described the Apache trade there as essential both to the colonists and to the people of Pecos (cited in Kessell 1979: 137). The most important goods they brought to barter were skins and hides, jerked meat and pemmican, tallow, and slaves. Many of the hides and skins obtained by the Pueblo Indians were passed on to the Spanish as part of their annual tribute. From New Mexico, they were carried on the squealing carretas in the annual caravan southward to Parral and Chihuahua.

As we will see, Panimaha is a Siouan term for the Skiri Pawnee, so this river should be one on which the Skiri lived. The Mallets, however, called the latter the Padouca. The unraveling of this puzzle will have to be postponed until we have discussed tribal names and locations, as it appears that there were Panimahas in several places in 1739. The Spanish Frontier Organized Spanish exploration of the American Southwest and the Great Plains began with the Coronado expedition of 1540-1542. Following tantalizing hints of what might have been another Aztec or Inca empire, Coronado led an army northward, first to the Zuni pueblos and later to the Rio Grande and the plains of Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.

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