Download Ancient Astronomy: An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth by Clive L.N. Ruggles PDF

By Clive L.N. Ruggles

An authoritative advent to the interesting subject of archaeoastronomy―ancient peoples' realizing and use of the skies.

• Over two hundred A–Z entries protecting huge definitions and ideas, case experiences from 5 continents, issues and concerns, items within the sky because the concentration of fantasy, simple options, and influential people

• vivid illustrations together with the stone circles at Avebury, comets, novae, and meteors

• easy, jargon-free reasons of easy astronomical concepts

• Over forty pictures together with the Stonehenge Heelstone at sunrise; the Cosmic Axis on the Forbidden urban, Beijing; the Temple of the solar at Teotihuacan; Ahu Huri at Urenga, Easter Island; the Aboriginal stone configuration at Lake Bolac, Victoria, Australia; and more

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Additional info for Ancient Astronomy: An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth

Example text

These metaphysical convictions do have a foundation in the physical world, in that prominent mountains have a strong effect on local meteorological phenomena. These modern mythologies represent the remnants of belief systems stretching back at least as far as Inca times. Numerous shrines, both Incaic and more modern, have been discovered on hills and mountain peaks in Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Sea shells and river stones were commonly offered to deities for water, but more macabre offerings have also been uncovered: human (including child) sacrifices.

The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia: from 10,000 BC to the Fall of Angkor, 321–355. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Krupp, Edwin C. Skywatchers, Shamans and Kings, 303–310. New York: Wiley, 1997. Malville, J. McKim. ” Archaeoastronomy: The Journal of Astronomy in Culture 17 (2003), 108–110. Stencel, Robert, Fred Gifford, and Eleanor Morón. ” Science 193 (1976), 281–287. Wheatley, Paul. The Pivot of the Four Quarters: A Preliminary Enquiry into the Origins and Character of the Ancient Chinese City, 257–267, 436–451.

But many different considerations, some quite unrelated to astronomy, can determine the orientation of a monument. One possibility is alignment based on prominent topographic features in the surrounding landscape. Accordingly, the term archaeotopography was coined by Michael Hoskin in 1997 to describe the collection of orientation data, as opposed to its (exclusively astronomical) interpretation. However, since the term would seem, similarly, to imply a necessarily topographical interpretation, and since topographical and astronomical motivations are only two among numerous possible reasons for orienting a structure in a particular direction, the term is rather misleading and has not been adopted widely.

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