By Feng Zhou
This booklet studies the advance of antifouling surfaces and fabrics for either land and marine environments, with an emphasis on marine anti biofouling. It explains the diversities and intrinsic courting among antifouling in land and marine environments, that are in keeping with superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity respectively. It covers numerous issues together with biomimetic antifouling and self-cleaning surfaces, grafted polymer brushes and micro/nanostructure surfaces with antifouling homes, in addition to marine anti biofouling. Marine anti biofouling contains either ancient biocidal compounds (tributyltin, copper and zinc) and present eco-friendly, non-toxic antifouling recommendations. This publication is meant for these readers who're attracted to greedy the basics and functions of antifouling.
Feng Zhou is a professor on the country Key Laboratory of reliable Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, chinese language Academy of Sciences.
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Extra info for Antifouling Surfaces and Materials: From Land to Marine Environment
These inert surfaces based on zwitterionic groups are probably more stable to oxidation over those based on EG layers. Jiang and coworkers reported the strong resistance of zwitterionic phosphorylcholine (PC) SAMs to protein adsorption . They used both experimental and molecular simulation techniques to examine key factors of their antifouling properties. PC head groups having similar packing densities to membrane lipids favor an antiparallel orientation for the dipole minimization. Strong hydration capacity via electrostatic interactions and a balanced charge that minimize dipole are two key factors for their nonfouling behavior, and rendering the zwitterions excellent candidates for nonfouling materials.
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The amount of protein adsorption decreased with the increasing of the lengths and the number of PEG chains . Gooding and coworkers reported a stepwise construction method to build antifouling surface with excellent protein repellence . Acetylene-terminated surfaces were functionalized via a coppercatalyzed azide−alkyne cycloaddition reaction to produce an amine-terminated layer, and subsequently the amine-terminated layer was further conjugated with PEG to produce an antifouling surface.